Unleashing Creativity: Theory of Inventive Problem Solving in Real Life

Innovation and problem-solving go hand in hand. Throughout history, humans have faced countless challenges and have discovered ingenious solutions using proven problem-solving techniques and frameworks. In my previous blog post on “Top Ten proven problem-solving techniques and frameworks,” I discussed several effective approaches to tackle complex problems.

One framework that has consistently proven invaluable in the pursuit of inventive problem-solving is the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ). TRIZ is a systematic approach that encourages creative thinking and has been successfully applied in various industries. Building upon the concepts shared in my previous blog post, this article will delve deeper into the fundamental principles of TRIZ and explore real-life scenarios where this framework has been effectively utilized.

By incorporating the knowledge gained from previous problem-solving techniques and frameworks, we can enhance our understanding of TRIZ and appreciate its practical applications. TRIZ expands upon the problem-solving strategies mentioned in my previous post, offering a structured and innovative methodology to overcome obstacles and achieve breakthrough solutions.

Join me on this exploration of TRIZ as we connect the dots between established problem-solving techniques and this powerful framework. By linking these two resources, we can build a comprehensive toolkit to approach problem-solving from various angles, ultimately empowering ourselves to tackle challenges with creativity and effectiveness.

Understanding the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ)

TRIZ, developed by Russian inventor Genrich Altshuller, is a methodology that assists individuals and teams in generating innovative solutions by leveraging existing knowledge and patterns. It is based on the belief that inventive solutions to problems often follow specific patterns and principles, and by understanding and applying these patterns, we can accelerate the problem-solving process.

TRIZ Principles in Real-Life Scenarios

  1. Contradiction Resolution

One of the key concepts in TRIZ is the recognition of contradictions, which exist when an improvement in one aspect of a system leads to a deterioration in another. For example, imagine a scenario where a car manufacturer wants to reduce fuel consumption without sacrificing performance. By employing TRIZ, engineers may discover that utilizing lightweight materials and improving aerodynamics can resolve this contradiction.

  1. Ideality

Ideality in TRIZ refers to the pursuit of an ideal state where a system delivers all desired functions without any drawbacks or limitations. For instance, consider the challenge of designing a smartphone with a longer battery life. By applying TRIZ, designers may explore alternative power sources, such as solar or kinetic energy, to approach the ideal state of infinite battery life.

  1. Su-Field Analysis

TRIZ introduces the Su-Field Analysis as a way to analyze the relationships between systems and identify opportunities for improvement. Let’s say a clothing retailer wants to reduce the time it takes for customers to find specific items in a large store. By analyzing the interactions between customers (S1), store layout (S2), and available information (S3), the retailer may identify innovative solutions like implementing smart tags or developing an augmented reality shopping experience.

  1. Inventive Principles

TRIZ defines a set of 40 Inventive Principles, derived from studying thousands of patents and successful innovations. These principles act as guidelines to inspire creative problem-solving. For example, the principle of “Segmentation” suggests dividing an object into smaller parts or components. This principle has been applied in the automotive industry to improve crash safety by incorporating crumple zones.

Real-Life Applications of TRIZ

  1. Aerospace Industry

TRIZ has played a crucial role in the aerospace industry, where engineers face complex challenges. By employing TRIZ, engineers have developed lighter and more efficient aircraft structures, improved fuel efficiency, and enhanced safety features. The application of TRIZ has led to significant advancements, such as the development of composite materials and novel wing designs.

  1. Pharmaceutical Industry

The pharmaceutical industry constantly seeks innovative solutions to deliver drugs more effectively while minimizing side effects. TRIZ has been applied to address contradictions such as enhancing drug bioavailability while reducing toxicity. By applying TRIZ principles, researchers have developed drug delivery systems, such as nanoparticle-based carriers and targeted therapies, revolutionizing patient treatment.

  1. Renewable Energy Sector

In the quest for sustainable energy solutions, TRIZ has been instrumental. Engineers have employed TRIZ principles to improve the efficiency of solar panels, optimize wind turbine designs, and develop innovative methods for energy storage. By resolving contradictions in energy production and consumption, TRIZ has contributed to the advancement of renewable energy technologies.


The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) is a powerful framework that enables individuals and organizations to overcome challenges and generate inventive solutions. By recognizing contradictions, pursuing ideality, employing Su-Field Analysis, and leveraging inventive principles, TRIZ empowers us to think creatively and push the boundaries of innovation. As demonstrated by its application in various industries, TRIZ has the potential to revolutionize problem-solving and inspire groundbreaking advancements in technology, science, and everyday life. So, embrace the spirit of TRIZ, and unlock the realm of possibilities in your quest for inventive problem-solving.

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